TRUTH AND FALSE IN NUTRITION OF CHILDREN
Proper nutrition is the most important element in child development. Important points to know about nutrition in children between the ages of 0-5 Universal Camlica Hospital Child Health Specialist Dr. Mine Başıbüyük told us.
How to tell if the baby is getting enough breast milk?
Infants should only be breastfed in the first 6 months. During these months, additional nutrients supplied with breastmilk give the baby a feeling of satiety, reducing the need for absorption and preventing them from taking advantage of breastmilk. The baby gets enough breast milk, wet the diaper 6-7 times a day and at least 150 grams per week. weighing.
Should water be given other than breast milk?
There is no need to give your baby water or other liquids (such as fruit juices, herbal teas) other than breast milk before four months, whether it is illness or the weather is very hot.
What should be done when breast milk is insufficient?
Cow's milk is not recommended for babies before 1 year of age. In cases where breast milk cannot be given or is insufficient, formula formulas prepared using breast milk are used. The point of view of mothers who think that cow's milk is useful; especially concentrated period of 6-24 months of iron deficiency in infancy and one out of every two babies in Turkey is a main cause.
When should I start additional food?
Additional food should be started when the baby is 6 months old. In this period, nutrients such as fruit purees, vegetable soup and yoghurt are added to the nutritional list. The child should be discontinued at the latest at the age of 2 years when the mother is eligible.
• Children should be allowed and supported when they are 13-14 months old.
• Nuts should not be given until the age of 3 as they can easily escape to the trachea and cause choking.
• Children should be fed with food, not with water. Meat and bone juice are widely used especially in the nutrition of weak and anorexic children. The nutritional value of red and white meat is very high, but the nutrients contained in the meat during boiling do not pass into the broth. Therefore, meat broth has no nutritional properties.
• Parents' consistency and good example are essential for the child to develop healthy eating habits. Insisting on eating during the preschool period causes conflicts between the child and the family and turns into war.
• Unilateral nutrition is very common in preschool children. Nutritional diversity of the child should be provided. Children should be accustomed to different kinds of food without difficulty and parents should be an example in this regard. This behavior should be tried to acquire the habit of choosing the right food.
• Support and praise children when they try new tastes on the table. Make sure that the food does not contain excessive amounts of oil, salt and synthetic additives.
• Children's consumption of sugary drinks, fruit juices, continuous snacking and consumption of excess fat fast food foods will accelerate weight gain.
• Giving children tea, coffee and cola makes them irritable because of the stimulants it contains, rather it is never given to children.
• The child should not be starved for long periods of time. This will cause you to eat too much at a later meal, eat unbalanced diet and get overweight calories and get fat.
• High-energy foods such as sugar, sugary foods, chocolates, pies, pastry should be given in a controlled manner and children should be prevented from taking unnecessary calories. At the same time, giving the child sugary foods between meals leads to malnutrition by closing the appetite.
• Flavored foods (such as fruits, vegetables, lean salads) should be included in the daily nutrition program.
• Food should not be used to distract the child. This will cause it to look for snacks at every stage that requires attention when it grows.
Nutritional elements for maintaining and maintaining healthy nutrition in children
Bread and floury, starchy foods, which are the body's energy source, should be eaten at least 6 servings a day. (1 serving = 5-6 tablespoons rice, pasta = 1 slice of bread)
There should be at least two portions of meat products and dried legumes, which are the best source of iron (1 portion of meat = 2 meatballs = 3-4 tablespoons of dried legumes).
At least 2 glasses of milk or yogurt should be given each day. These nutrients are a source of calcium that is very important for bone development. (2 matchboxes of cheese = 1 cup of calcium in milk)
3-4 servings of fruit and vegetables rich in vitamins should be given daily. These nutrients also help in the absorption of calcium and iron. The shelling of the fruits solves the problem of constipation (1 portion of vegetables = 5-6 tablespoons of vegetable food, 1 portion of fruit = 1 medium fruit = 3/4 cup of juice).